Assessment of optimal suspension systems with regards to ride under different road profiles

University essay from KTH/Fordonsdynamik

Abstract: Passenger ride vibration comfort is a critical aspect to consider while developing any vehicle and there is a need to understand how the occupants would be affected when driving on different road profile roughness. Hence, road profile generation is critical as road profiles are used as inputs to simulation tools to investigate vehicle dynamic behaviour in depth. At the same time, the optimisation of the vehicle characteristics can be conducted on the various road profiles in order to identify a solution that can provide enhanced ride comfort and improve vehicle handling for all the investigated road profiles. The objective of this thesis is to study ride vibrational comfort and optimise the suspension system for theNational Electric Vehicle Sweden (NEVS) vehicle model for better ride comfort and road holding. Synthetic road profiles are generated by using stochastic processes according to International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 8608 standards. Further, simulations are conducted in MSC ADAMS Car software using the generated synthetic road profiles for a rigid body NEVS vehicle model to study the vertical accelerations. The analysis includes the investigations of the acceleration Power Spectral Density (PSD) and observations are made on the peaks that appear (at Front Seat Rail (FSR) which is the sprung mass of the vehicle and Wheel centre (WC) which is the un-sprung mass of the vehicle) for different road types and vehicle velocities. It is decided that the comfort objective will be used considering the weighted Root Mean Square (RMS) accelerations. Further, the suspension system of the vehicle model is optimised for three different road profiles (A, B, and C) based on the objectives of ride comfort and handling using a suitable vehicle model with the same characteristics as theNEVScar. A multi-objective optimisation technique is used and the optimised results are observed and discussed. Optimal objectives (based on a compromise between ride comfort and road holding) for the suspension system are determined for each investigated road profile.

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