Study of Nitrogen Removal Rate and Trouble shooting of Pilot plant (ITEST).

University essay from KTH/Mark- och vattenteknik (flyttat 20130630)

Abstract:

This paper is about improving the efficiency of nitrogen and other organic nutrient removal from activated sewage treatment by adopting an innovative technology. The work is to study the changes in nitrogen removal in pilot-scale experiments with the ITEST unit. The report also describes the various sources contributing to the eutrophication of the sea and water, caused by an increase in nutrient levels in different water bodies. Ineffective treatment of sewage contributes to the eutrophication. In the Baltic regions the temperature will be zero (0) or less than zero degree-centigrade during winter season. It results in decreased or fall in temperatures of incoming water to wastewater treatment plants. The temperature is an important parameter for sewage/wastewater treatment processes. Bacteriological nitrification and denitrification is an effective process for removing nitrogen from wastewater. From various research works and articles, it can be found that 23 + / - 2 °C, is the optimum temperature for nitrification and denitrification processes. So, the main aim is to study the effect of maintaining the incoming wastewater temperature by use of heat exchangers on incoming water to an activated sludge process line in pilot plant scale. In the pilot plant there were two testing lines; one line with heating system and the second line without heating system. A temperature of 19 to 20 °C was maintained in the influent to testing line. The nitrogen removal rates were compared between the two lines during the test period of approximately more than 8 months. Other biological activities in the treatment process were also compared between the two lines.

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