Reaction Mechanism between Chitosan and Cerium(VI) Ammonium Nitrate for Production of a Greener Poly(Vinyl Acetate) Adhesive

University essay from KTH/Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH)

Abstract: Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) has a major application as an indoor wood adhesive. Low water stability is however, one of the greatest drawbacks of PVAc. By grafting PVAc from a chitosan (CS) backbone (CS-graft- PVAc) water stability of adhesive is increased while good mechanical and adhesive properties are retained. Simultaneously the percentage of bio-based content is increased. This work investigates the proposed re- action mechanisms between chitosan and cerium(IV) ammonium nitrate (CAN) which is used as an initiator for the grafting reaction. Litera- ture studies showed one dominating reaction mechanism and some not as common. The reaction mechanisms and their shortcomings are pre- sented and discussed in the report. 

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