An Inquiry into Entrepreneurship in The Public Sector : Case study: Policy Entrepreneurship in The Municipality of Örnsköldsvik

University essay from Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper

Abstract: Purpose: The study tries to drive back the concept of [policy] entrepreneurship to its basics according to Schumpeterian/Kirznerian approach by displaying its process of emergence and implementation in the public sector, and its interaction with institutions and their changes. Method: The study was conducted by using a qualitative content analysis examining the protocols of the board of the municipality Ö-vik under the current mandate period (2010 - 2013), internal documents related to policy acceptance, a citizen proposal and a proposition from a politician. Even interviews were conducted with some members of the board, an administrator and the external policy entrepreneur. Conclusions: Entrepreneurial act occurs when unnoticed opportunities are discovered, when a policy domain is in disequilibrium. The driving toward equilibrium is performed as a collective act and the entrepreneurial profit emerged returns to the discoverer. The implementation occurs when the politicians composing the majority in the board guarantee that their monopoly in the political market is maintained, the new actors (external policy entrepreneurs) neutralized and the change is controlled. A process of creating meaning/ proactive manipulation that is the rhetoric of NPM ideology submits entrepreneurial acts to the logic of economic rational calculation and neutralizes its creativity. 

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