Quantifying uncertainty in structural condition with Bayesian deep learning : A study on the Z-24 bridge benchmark
Abstract: A machine learning approach to damage detection is presented for a bridge structural health monitoring system, validated on the renowned Z-24 bridge benchmark dataset where a sensor instrumented, threespan bridge was realistically damaged in stages. A Bayesian autoencoder neural network is trained to reconstruct raw sensor data sequences, with uncertainty bounds in prediction. The reconstruction error is then compared with a healthy-state error distribution and the sequence determined to come from a healthy state or not. Several realistic damage stages were successfully detected, making this a viable approach in a data-based monitoring system of an operational bridge. This is a fully operational, machine learning based bridge damage detection system, that is learned directly from raw sensor data.
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