Genetic and Environmental Influences on Psychopathic Personality Traits : A Meta-Analytic Review

University essay from Örebro universitet/Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete; Örebro universitet/Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete

Abstract: To understand the etiology of psychopathic personality traits and thus in the long run to be able to develop successful prevention, a first step is to find out what role genetic and environmental effects play. A meta-review of 15 twin studies (N=26, 981), was conducted to estimate the magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on psychopathic personality traits. The results show that additive genetic (heritable) factors and non-shared environmental factors each explain 50% of the variance in psychopathic personality traits, while shared environmental factors were of no importance. Measure, informant, age, and sex were investigated as potential moderators showing that informant had an impact on the findings. This meta-analysis provides a structured synthesis of the relative genetic and environmental contributions in psychopathic personality traits through various stages of development and across sex.

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