The ethics of tax avoidance : The moderating effect of internationalization on the relationship between CSR and tax avoidance
Abstract: This paper examines how economic, environmental and social CSR activities are related to tax avoidance. Subsequently, this study examines whether internationalization moderates the relationship between the different CSR activities and tax avoidance. A matched sample of 266 firm-year observations was formed; equally split between tax avoidant firms as well as tax compliant firms by employing a novel approach to identify corporate tax avoidance based on tax disputes. The logit regression results shows that the more firms engage in social CSR activities the more likely they are to avoid taxes. Moreover, the main regression also supports the positive moderation effect of internationalisation on the relationship between social CSR and tax avoidance.
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