Exploring how Driver State Monitoring can be Utilized in Heavy-Duty Trucks : Designing a HMI Concept for 2035 with the Driver in Focus
Abstract: Driving a heavy-duty distribution truck in an urban environment is an intricate task that requires atremendous effort from the driver. Even a minor error such as briefly looking away from the road for asecond could have fatal consequences. The automotive industry is heavily investing into making roads saferand innovations such as the seat belt has been able to save millions of lives. With the introduction of new lawsand regulation there is an emerging adaptation of driver monitoring systems in vehicles which aims to savemore lives and improve the driving experience. This master thesis presents the exploration and design of a holistic concept for how driver state monitoringcould be implemented in a manual heavy-duty distribution truck in the year of 2035 at Scania. The mainpurpose is to add value to drivers by finding solutions that bridge driver needs and monitoring technology.Driver state monitoring is a field that introduces abilities for the vehicle to connect and understand the driverin order to provide more efficient assists for a safer and more pleasurable driving experience. An iterative usercentered design process was initialized with user interviews, observations and literature reviews that resulted inan in-depth view of the driver’s needs and a summary of the latest research and innovations. A creative phasegenerated multiple ideas that where evaluated using qualitative feedback from drivers and experts. A final setof features was selected and by using 3D modelling and video editing, an eight minute long animated film wascreated that showcases the possibilities of driver state monitoring in a heavy-duty distribution truck in 2035. The final concept is a unified vision of 22 features in a heavy-duty electric distribution truck, utilizing hybriddriver state monitoring techniques in order to provide a safer and more pleasurable driving experience. It isinspired and created around the latest research and innovations in the automotive industry and aims to inspireScania in their future work to implement and innovate new solutions based on driver state monitoring. This isa thesis work by two Master of Science student within Industrial Design Engineering from Luleå University ofTechnology at Scania in the spring of 2020.
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