Green Bonds Issuance Benefits : Evidence from the Real Estate Sector
Abstract: In response to The Paris Agreement, all aspects of society are committing to transit to a low-carbon future. The real estate industry, which is responsible for a large portion of greenhouse gas emissions, plays a pivotal role in achieving this temperature goal. In the area of sustainable finance, green bonds are considered one of the most prominent financial innovations to channel funds into green projects. The green bonds market is also expanding with rapid growth. In this thesis, we investigate whether green bonds can be served as lower-cost financial instruments for real estate companies to raise capital for environmental or climate-friendly projects. We used propensity score matching to evaluate the green label effect on green bonds issued by real estate companies in the primary market at the international level. We find that green bonds issued by real estate companies have on average lower yields of around 10 basis points. The finding indicates that when issuing green bonds, real estate companies can benefit from a lower cost compared to issuing conventional bonds. We also perform analysis on subsamples divided by real estate company types. The empirical results show that the real estate investment trust can issue green bonds at a lower cost of about 11 basis points. Our findings suggest that green bonds can be used as a lower-cost financial instrument for companies in the real estate sector for decarbonizing actions.
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