Fast Layer-3 handover in Vehicular Networks
Wireless communication is of great importance for safety and entertainment purposes in vehicular networks. Vehicles on roads are required to share sensor data, road traffic information or digital maps with other vehicles on the road. To be able to do this, vehicles require to either communicate directly with each other or to be connected to a wireless communication-based access points on the road side. These wireless access points support short to medium range wireless communication through the protocol 802.11p. 802.11p is designed specifically for vehicular communication and it is an amended form of the widely used 802.11 protocol suit for wireless local area networks (WLAN). Vehicles are able to be associated with these wireless access points for exchange of information. While vehicles move along the road infrastructure, they change their point of attachment from one wireless access point to another wireless access point. During this process, connectivity to the access point breaks down until the vehicle is connected to a new access point in its area. This disconnection causes an interruption in the data flow. This interruption increases when vehicle requires a new IP address, i.e. when the vehicle is going to attach to an access point which is part of another network. In this thesis report, we give an overview of standard handover methods and their enhancements and propose a fast handover scheme for layer 3 of the communication stack. Based on the assumption that vehicles know their route in advance, we enhance the handover process and improve seamless connectivity. We also discuss different issues which are the cause of delay and how they can be overcome in our proposed solution.
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