An Investigation of the Groundwater Storage in Färlöv - Vinnö, Sweden
The Kristianstad plain contains one of the most interesting and exciting groundwater of Sweden. It is also one of Northern Europe´s largest groundwater resources. The layers of gravel, limestone, sand, and sandstone is prime location. The amount of available water is veryhigh. The groundwater is consumed by four municipalities; Kristianstad, Eastern Goinge, Bromölla, and Hässleholm, including several industrial zones. Large quantities of groundwater have been used for agricultural irrigation. Groundwater resource carrying capacity refers to the maximum ability of groundwater system for supply industrial production, people’s lives and protection of the eco-environment under certain technical level and social condition in different periods of the future. Groundwater is a part of this cycle, which eventually flows into rivers, different types of wetlands, lakes or directly into the Baltic Sea. Withdrawal of groundwater is also part of the cycle. A waterbed, also known as an aquifer, is a geological formation containing groundwater and it is so permeable that groundwater may be extracted in larger quantity. Aquifers are filled with water by infiltrating precipitation, leakage from other aquifers or through infiltration from rivers. The extraction of groundwater may not exceed the inflow for a long time. If this occurs it is a risk of progressive lowering of the water quality or its deterioration. Area of reservoir, groundwater Färlöv– Vinnö is I think a good limit of economic water.
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