Semantic Segmentation of Building Materials in Real World Images Using 3D Information

University essay from Linköpings universitet/Datorseende; Linköpings universitet/Datorseende

Abstract: The increasing popularity of drones has made it convenient to capture a large number of images of a property, which can then be used to build a 3D model. The conditions of buildings can be analyzed to plan renovations. This creates an interest for automatically identifying building materials, a task well suited for machine learning. With access to drone imagery of buildings as well as depth maps and normal maps, we created a dataset for semantic segmentation. Two different convolutional neural networks were trained and evaluated, to see how well they perform material segmentation. DeepLabv3+, which uses RGB data, was compared to Depth-Aware CNN, which uses RGB-D data. Our experiments showed that DeepLabv3+ achieved higher mean intersection over union. To investigate if the information in the depth maps and normal maps could give a performance boost, we conducted experiments with an encoding we call HMN - horizontal disparity, magnitude of normal with ground, normal parallel with gravity. This three channel encoding was used to jointly train two CNNs, one with RGB and one with HMN, and then sum their predictions. This led to improved results for both DeepLabv3+ and Depth-Aware CNN.

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