Willow grouse (Lagopus lagopus) and rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta) bag statistics and hunting pressure in Jämtland, Sweden : Relationships between CPUE, hunting pressure, different permits and nationality in two time periods; 2004-2012 and 2013-2021.

University essay from Umeå universitet/Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap

Abstract: Willow grouse ( Lagopus lagopus) and rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta) are popular game birds in Sweden. I have analysed hunting statistics from Jämtland county in Sweden and investigated if there is a significant correlation between willow grouse density and Catch-Per-Unit-Effort (CPUE) by nationalities and type of permits. The included nationalities were Swedish, Nordic and non-Nordic hunters. Type of permits that were analysed were day-, municipality and county permits. There was no correlation between the grouse density and CPUE variables. However, significant correlations were found when correlating yearly number of harvested grouse  with the CPUE variables. For willow grouse, significant correlations were found between Swedish, Non-Nordic, day and municipality permit hunters and for rock ptarmigan, Swedish, Nordic, day and municipality permit hunters. I also found that international hunters was more effective than Swedish hunters, as well as hunters with day permit, which was true for both species. There were also differences between the CPUE variables between two time periods, 2004-2012 and 2013-2021. In the second period, the CPUE of Swedish hunters, day and municipality permit hunters have decreased for willow grouse. The CPUE also decreased for non-Nordic during the second period for rock ptarmigans. Significant difference in hunting pressure were also found between the two time periods, where the later period had slightly higher hunting pressure than the first period. The results of this study strengthened previous studies where no correlation has been found between the grouse density and CPUE. 

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