Skogsåkeriägares inställning till organisationsförändringar

University essay from SLU/Dept. of Forest Resource Management

Abstract: There are two groups of haulage contractors in roundwood transport , those who are contracted direct by the transport buyer and those who are connected to a freight company which in its turn is contracted by the transport buyer. Today the roundwood haulage is dominated by contractors with one to two lorries. The effort of coordinating transportation for a transport buyer is dependent on how many communication contacts that must be managed (how many individual haulage contractors the transport buyer has to work with). A structural change in the sector that leads to a decrease in the number of haulage contractors but an increase in the capacity of each contractor, makes it possible for a transport buyer to coordinate transports with fewer communication contacts. The reason why a company reaches a certain size can be explained by the number of contracts it makes and manages. Establishing each transactions costs money, a fact that ultimately determines the possibility for the company to continue expanding. Small companies can therefore strengthen their position on the market through cooperation and pooling of capacity. Today there are many IT-solutions available that can help to enable such a development. The purpose of this study is to identify the owners, of timber haulage companies, attitude to be contracted direct to a transport buyer or to be contracted to a freight company. And the attitudes to structural changes. The results can be summarized as follows: A structural change in the haulage sector towards fewer contacts per transport buyer is possible. The haulage companies won´t become more competitive by investments in additional capacity but rather through cooperation with other companies. New IT-solutions improve the conditions for cooperation between haulage contractors and will play an important role in the future development.

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