Dynamic Modeling and Simulation of Digital Displacement Machine

University essay from Linköpings universitet/Linköpings universitet/Fluida och mekatroniska systemTekniska högskolan

Abstract:

Improved efficiency, better controllability and low noise are the most demanding features form a displacement machine now-a-days. Most of the conventional displacement machines are basically a reciprocating pumping element controlled by valve plates or with the help of check valve [1]. This kind of hydraulic machines loose efficiency dramatically at partial displacement because all of the pistons remain at high pressure at the cycle time and due to pressure inside the piston leakage and shear losses increases. One approach to improve the efficiency of the displacement machine can be controlling each hydraulic piston by using programmable faster valves called digital valve. As the total displacement will be controlled digitally, the total system is called Digital Displacement Technology. In digital displacement machine it is possible to disconnect some of the pistons from the load and the piston will connect only with the low pressure side, minimizing losses due to leakage and shear. As the valve will control directly with digital controller it will eliminate the necessity of servo-hydraulic control required by conventional systems. Digital valves can open fully and close again with the input signal within one revaluation of the shaft, so it gives better control to the pumping element results reduction in hysteresis and increase the linearity of the pumping element. In Digital Displacement machines by controlling the valves pistons are connected with the machine when pressure is equal, but in the traditional machines piston connection was pre-determined with the shaft angle. By doing the piston control efficiency of the machine will improve and the sound generates for the decompression flow will be reduced [17]. Also energy storage and recovery can be possible by using accumulator.

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