Interoperable Retransmission Protocols with Low Latency and Constrained Delay : A Performance Evaluation of RIST and SRT

University essay from KTH/Kommunikationssystem, CoS

Abstract: The media industry has during the last decade migrated services from dedicated medianetworks to more shared resources and lately also the public internet and public data centers. Inorder to cater for such transition, several protocols have been designed to meet the demand forhigh-quality media transport over lossy infrastructure, protocols such as SRT and RIST. Thepurpose of Reliable Internet Stream Transport (RIST) and Secure Reliable Transport (SRT) is tohave all vendors of broadcasting equipment support an interoperable way of communication. Thelack of interoperability locks consumers into one particular vendor’s family of products - most oftenthis equipment only supports a proprietary technology. Interoperability creates a more competitivemarket space which benefits consumers and gives vendors an incentive to be more innovative intheir solutions. The purpose of this thesis is to assess the performance of these protocols by comparing theirperformance to a proprietary solution (named ÖÖÖ in this thesis and seen as an establishedsolution in the industry). The challenge is to test these protocols in a lab environment, but have theresults represent real-world use. For this, a large subset of samples is needed along with samplesmeasured over a long period. This sampling was made possible by writing a script which automatesthe sampling process. The results indicate that the versions of RIST and SRT tested in this thesis to some extentcompare well to the selected established protocol (ÖÖÖ). In many scenarios, SRT even did muchbetter, mainly when a line with a single feed was tested. For instance, when the network suffered a2% drop rate and utilized retransmission SRT performed the best and was the only protocol whichhad some samples where no packets were dropped during one hour of measurements. Whenrunning all three protocols at the same time, SRT also did the best in a network with up to 12% droprate. The results in this thesis should give a broadcaster an idea of which of these protocols willfulfill their requirements in a broadcast application.

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