Association of self-reported different aspects of workplace environment and general wellbeing with maximum workload – A cross- sectional study

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH)

Author: Rumana Ahsan; [2018]

Keywords: ;

Abstract: Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally and similarly in United Kingdom (UK), accounting for 31% and 45% annual deaths respectively. Workplace environment consists of different elements (e.g.- physical and psychosocial environment, intra and extra organizational settings) and interrelationship of employer and employee, playing an important role on workers’ health. Current study aims to identify the association of different aspects of workplace environment and general wellbeing with maximum workload (MW) in a working population in UK. Method A cross-sectional study has been done including a total of 77,781 working people aged 39 to 72 years old who participated voluntarily in the UK Biobank baseline assessment cohort study. Exposures were selfreported that included information about both physical and psychosocial aspects of workplace environment and general well-being. The outcome variable was maximum workload calculated during electrocardiogram (ECG) stress test. Three different statistical models were tested through ordinal logistic regressions using the SPSS software. Results No/low health satisfaction was associated with reduction in maximum workload and this association was constant in all analytical model, both in crude (B -0.786, 95% CI -0.825, -0.748) and adjusted models (B -0.866, 95% CI -0.910, -0.823). Other variables regarding different aspects of workplace environment and well-being showed no statistically significant result on the adjusted models. Conclusion Health satisfaction may be considered as an important determinant of CVD among middle and old-aged working population. Future research required to establish the result and to formulate preventive measures in workplace for better health outcome of workers.

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