Development and implementation of air quality data mart for Ontario, Canada : a case study of air quality in Ontario using OLAP tool

University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

Abstract: This thesis describes the development and implementation of Air Quality Data Mart for Ontario Canada using Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) tool. It is followed by a case study which presents comparisons of air quality between the urban and rural areas, peak and non-peak hours, working days and weekends for various cities in Ontario. The purpose of this study is to develop a user friendly tool for historical air quality data and evaluate the functionality of the tool by extracting the data across several dimensions. The data for air quality is available on the Ontario Ministry of Environment website for 43 monitoring stations across Ontario. This data is in the form of static Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) pages which cannot be used for analytical purposes. Air quality data mart was developed using open source OLAP. The database was designed using multidimensional modeling approach. OLAP server “Mondrian” was used as the presentation server whereas “Openi” client was used as an end user tool for this study. The different functions available in this data mart are: rollup, drill down and slice and dice the data across several dimensions such as time, location and pollutant. The most important conclusion of this thesis is the successful implementation of an air quality data mart with the possibility to extract accurate historical air quality data. The data in the form of a data mart provides numerous advantages, where it can be analyzed according to the required analytical perspective for a given city/cities. The only drawback of having data in the form of a data mart is that, if the data is drilled down to the finest precision i.e. to the hour (depending on the number of dimensions selected) the resulting chart will be very crowded but the generated report will present a complete overview of the analysis.

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