THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S FRAMING OF SOLIDARITY IN MIGRATION POLITICS
Abstract: The aim of this research is to analyze how the European Commission has framed the conceptof solidarity differently in migration policies between the European Agenda on Migration andthe New Pact on Migration and Solidarity, in order to comprehend how framing andreframing of policies can affect the development of European migration politics. In doing so,the driving ideas behind the Commission’s way of framing the issue will also be studied.Previous research shows that solidarity is a complex concept with many interpretations, whichhas created numerous misunderstandings in the EU’s agendas on migration. Based on thetheories of agenda-setting strategies, bounded rationality and issue frames, a framing analysisis conducted on different policy documents and the two main agendas. The results of theanalysis furthermore show that solidarity has been framed differently in the documents,depending on the situation and time in which it is written. It is also shown that theCommission’s way of framing the issue differently depends on its ideas of arousing interest orgaining authority. The overall result is thus that the concept of solidarity has become moreimportant in the aftermaths of the crisis.
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