System of Violence

University essay from Lunds universitet/Avdelningen för Riskhantering och Samhällssäkerhet

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of non-conventional violence on the implementation of disaster risk reduction projects in the Northern Triangle of Central America. The Northern Triangle is facing substantial disaster risk from various hazards. Hence, there is a need for disaster risk reduction in the region. However, besides the challenges in terms of disasters, this region is characterised by elevated levels of non-conventional violence. This thesis defines non-conventional violence as the criminalized violence. Disaster risk reduction projects are also located in these violent areas. This research finds that the non-conventional violence influences an interconnected system of eight codes, which consequently has an impact on the implementation of disaster risk reduction projects in the Northern Triangle. Moreover, the context of the Northern Triangle shows differences to other criminal areas. This triggers the assumption of similarities to conflict zones (e.g. Afghanistan). Finally, I assume that a comparable system of influence might have its effect on disaster risk reduction in those conflict zones.

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