Sex trafficking in Romania: the institutionl and legal context. An investigation from the perspective of Romanian anti-human trafficking NGOs

University essay from Göteborgs universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Abstract: The academic field of human trafficking is still in its infancy with many topics that still needto be investigated. This study focuses on sex trafficking and source countries. The reasons forthis approach is that according to different sources, sex trafficking is one of the mostcommon forms of human trafficking and understanding the situation in the origin countriescould help actors find solutions in preventing the outflow. The purpose of this case study is toidentify a number of contextual factors that are hindering or facilitating the work against humantrafficking. The investigation is conducted through the eyes of anti-human trafficking NGOs.These actors are not only closer to the trafficking victims and potential victims, but they alsohave an extensive knowledge about the trafficking situation in Romania. The method used togather the data was semi-structured interviews as well as reports, documents and relevantlegislation. Using an abductive approach, this study shows that the current laws andinstitutional environment are, to some extent, contributing to the perpetuation of Romania asa source country. In addition, enforcement of prostitution laws, high corruption rates and lackof political will are among the factors that are hindering the combat against humantrafficking. In order to offer an alternative explanation, a shadow case of the situation of aSwedish NGO situation is shortly presented.

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