Gender-based violence in societies under pressure -An analysis of how external conditions and internal relations are connected
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate possible reasons for increased levels of gender-based violence within societies put under pressure. I will carry out this aim through using three theoretical dimensions related to structural violence, feminist critique of traditional perceptions of security and theories concerning gender and nationalism. The primary case is women's situation in Palestine after the start of the second intifada and the secondary case is the 2004 tsunami. I argue that reasons for violence in times of societal pressure are found in inequality during times of normality and that the existing hierarchies can be expected to be part of a society's handling of crisis. Findings of the study suggest that, among other things, generalizations regarding reasons and mechanism resulting in increased violence are possible and the comparison of the two cases show many similarities despite vastly different contexts. Furthermore the paper argues that a change in external conditions directly affects the internal relations of a society.
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