Investigation and treatment after an osteoporotic fracture: : A survey of the Fracture Liaison Service in Örebro County

University essay from Örebro universitet/Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper

Abstract: Introduction: An osteoporotic fracture affects every other woman and every fourth man in Sweden. To meet the needs, Örebro County implemented in 2007 a fracture liaison service(FLS) to identify, investigate and treat these patients. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of the FLS in Örebro County by reporting the prevalence ofbone mineral density testing and anti-osteoporotic treatment initiation following a low traumafracture. Secondary aim was to evaluate adherence to treatment after 12 months. Methods: 1269 medical records were retrospectively examined for all patients, 50-85 yearsold, with a fractured wrist, upper arm, hip, pelvis or vertebra in Örebro County in 2016.Patient characteristics and continuation through the FLS was studied. Primary objectives wereall descriptive, but various subgroups were compared using chi-square and independent ttests.Limit of significance at p<0.05. Results: 738 patients were eligible for inclusion (mean age 71.00 (±9.16) years, 76.6%women). 391 (53.0%) were referred for investigation, of which 348 (89.0%) attended. 253(72.7%) of the measured patients had indication for treatment, later prescribed to 76.7% ofthese, mainly once weekly oral bisphosphonates (64.4%). Adherence after 12 months wasavailable for 176 patients, of which 119 (67.6%) were still persistent. Conclusion: The FLS in Örebro County seems to be in line with national and internationalcounterparts. Still, there is room for improvement. The major gap appears to be identificationand referral for investigation of patients at risk of osteoporosis. Once passed the identificationstep, the losses through the program are in much smaller proportions.

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