APIs as Digital Innovation Objects - Implications on Requirements Elicitation

University essay from Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för data- och informationsteknik

Abstract: APIs as a way to expose business assets have becomecommon across industry. Consequently insights into strategic APIdevelopment practices are becoming more and more relevant.However domain specific knowledge for making strategic designdecisions for APIs is often lacking. In this study we present andanalyse a method for requirement elicitation for APIs createdthrough use of the design science methodology alongside carefulconsideration of standard requirements elicitation practices andAPI strategies - specifically insights from the ’API as DigitalInnovation Objects’ model on API strategy. We consider this dueto a lack of awareness about what information is significant forsuch strategic design decisions, especially during requirementselicitation. Our findings show that there are several aspectsof strategic API design that can be considered in order toimprove requirements elicitation. The results imply that strategicAPI considerations change requirements elicitation by changinghow it is carried out - not necessarily the tasks and activitiesconducted.

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