Using Conjunctural Indices in Prediction Models for Gas Sales---A Case Study

University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för reglerteknik

Author: Adrian Sigot; [2010]

Keywords: Technology and Engineering;

Abstract: This thesis evaluates whether it is possible to use conjunctural indices from Statistics Sweden (Statistiska Centralbyrån) in order to improve the sales predictions at a Swedish gas company. For this purpose sales data for three of the main gases are gathered from the year 1995 and forth. In the first step, this data is used to create ARX and State Space models. Sales predictions are made from these models and the quality of these predictions is measured. In the second step, the conjunctural indices from Statistics Sweden for the corresponding period is used as input values and new ARX and State Space models are created. Predictions are made also with these models and are then compared to the predictions without help from the conjunctural indices. The results are however not significantly better. Correlation analysis show strong correlation between the conjunctural indices and the sales for some intervals in the available sales period, but no thoroughgoing correlation and no strong correlation at the current time (year 2008-2010). The conclusion is thus that the available conjunctural indices cannot be used to improve the sales predictions. However, since the correlations have been strong during come periods, it could be worth monitoring the correlations in case they reappear

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