Registered nurses’ experience caring for patients subscribed antibiotic treatment in The Philippines : An interview study

University essay from Högskolan i Borås/Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd; Högskolan i Borås/Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd

Abstract:

Background: Antibiotic treatment of humans was introduced in 1930. The drug improved the living conditions globally due to the fact that bacterial diseases now could be treated. The development of antibiotic resistant bacteria is undeniable and globalization increases the spread of the resistant bacteria. The main reason for the emergence of resistant bacteria are incorrect and excessive use of antibiotics.

Aim: The aim of the study is to investigate registered nurses’ experiences when caring for patients that have been subscribed antibiotic treatment.

Method: A qualitative study with a semi-structured interview design based on interviews with eight nurses from one private hospital in The Philippines. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a qualitative content analysis.

Result: Three themes were identified in the study, “To increase compliance”, “Nurses’ knowledge of antibiotic treatment” and “The nurses’ reflections on antibiotic treatment”. The first theme describes how the nurses provide a safe and open-minded environment for the patients, how to support and encourage the patient during treatment and how to give comprehensible information to the patient. The second theme describes the nurses’ knowledge of the emergence of antibiotic resistance, reasons for antibiotic treatment, the manifestation of antibiotic resistance and also the effects of antibiotic resistance. The third theme describes the nurses’ reflections and thoughts concerning antibiotics as well as how they perceive the population’s knowledge of antibiotics.

Discussion: All of the nurses highlighted the poverty in The Philippines as the main reason for poor compliance. A large part of the population cannot afford to consult a doctor which results in people treating themselves without the proper knowledge. A majority of the nurses therefore request health education provided from the government.  A private hospital also strives to please the patient which can result in doctors prescribing a lot of antibiotics to please their patients.

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