Photonic Crystal Designs (PCD)
Photonic Crystal (PC) devices are the most exciting advancement in the field of photonics. The use of computational techniques has made considerable improvements in photonic crystals design. We present here an ultrahigh quality factor (Q) photonic crystal slab nanocavity formed by the local width modulation of a line defect. We show that only shifting two holes away from a line defect is enough to attain an ultrahigh Q value. We simulated this double heterostructure nano cavity by using Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) technique. We observed that photonic crystal cavities are very sensitive to the frequency, size and position of the source. So we must choose the right values for these parameters.
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