The Role of Social Work in the Migration Process: A Study in Sweden

University essay from Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST)

Abstract: Generally, people tend to relocate to other countries that provide adequate facilities or social services. But due to the complexity of the migration process, people cannot easily move from one country to another. The migration problem, which includes refugees and people fleeing their home countries to seek asylum in other nations, is a globally acknowledged phenomenon that is linked with social work (Roestenburg, 2013, p.1). Every year, a lot of immigrants come to Sweden with a lot of risk and expense since it is a more liberal country with a developed way of life. According to one estimate in 1990, immigrants accounted up 9.22% of Sweden's total population, increasing from 11.31 percent in 2000 and 16.77% in 2015 (Sweden Immigration Statistics 1960-2022, 2022). In this study, the qualitative research method is applied where for primary data sources KIIs and interviews with social workers and immigrants are conducted. Therefore, the goal of this study is to analyse the role of social workers’ activities in the Swedish migration process and derive conclusions about the interplay between social workers and immigrants living in Sweden. By analysing the data, it can be said that through the execution of constitutional principles, the Swedish government should expand the number of social workers and provide a more effective social service to migrants while also removing some complexities of the migration process. However, care must be taken to guarantee that no immigrant employs deceptive or false information or tactics.

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