The negative effect of Gamification in E-learning in the eyes of University students
Abstract: Background Across centuries, games are part of human life. In his article "Keeping up with ... Gamification," Kim (2015) indicated that the development of Information Technology has taken gaming to the reach of individuals around the world, thus expanding worldwide collaboration and interaction. Parallelly, With the removal of the obstructions of time and space, E-learning platforms have attracted millions of students. "Here we are now, entertain us," if we could pick one phrase that would portray modern learning procedure, this statement would suit best. Games have been available in education for quite a while (Sciforce, 2018). Turning to this strategy in E-learning would have been unavoidable. However, gamification is not equivalent to games intrinsically. It is alluded to as the "utilization of game components within non-game contexts" (Deterding, Dixon, Khaled, & Nacke, 2011). Although previous studies illustrate the noticeable benefits of gamification in E-learning, the negative effects however remain largely implicit and overlooked. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the negative effect of Gamification in E-learning in the eyes of university students who are familiar with modern technology and terms in learning field and has decided to choose a course that is very focus and meet their need. The study thereby helps university students and the others to understand the comprehensive view about gamification in E-learning, especially in the negative side. Moreover, this paper would help the E-learning platforms for better Gamification-design. Method: Following the purpose of this study, an exploratory qualitative research with an inductive approach was used. In particular, in-depth interviews with open-ended questions were utilized to have an insight into the interviewees' perception about Gamification in E-learning. Conclusion: The result of the study indicate that gamification could make student get bored (Attention), losing confident, stressful and feeling helplessness (Confident), annoying, uncomfortable and reluctant (Satisfaction), distracted and want to give up (Volition) In the theme of Engagement, gamification has the noticeable negative impact on Community Support factor, slightly impact on Peer Collaboration and Cognitive Problem solving, and almost no effect on Interact with Instructor and Learning Management factor. In detail, gamification could make learners feel useless, frustrate, confusing, and want to give up.
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