Implementation of an Arc Model for MV Network with Resonance Earthing

University essay from KTH/Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS)

Abstract: The most common fault type in electric power systems is the line to groundfault. In this type of faults, an electrical arc is usually developed. The thesispresents a mathematical model that describes the behavior of the arc during afault. The arc model has been verified based on real and simulated tests thatwere conducted on a system that has resonant earthing coil.In addition, two studies have been conducted on the same verified system.The first studied was implemented to see the effect of detuning the resonantearthing coil at different levels. It was noted that detuning the coil affected ACand the DC components in the arc faults. Also, the detuning affected the arcextinction.The second study has been looking at the effects of implementing a parallelresistor to the resonant earthing coil. The tests have been conducted usingdifferent set values of the resistor. In some of the studied cases and during thetesting period, the resistor has affected the self-extinguish behavior of the arc.

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