Event-based High Resolution X-ray Imaging using Compton Coincidence Detection

University essay from KTH/Medicinsk avbildning

Abstract: Research on photon counting detectors (PCDs) is focused on semiconductor materials, and silicon is a strong candidate to use in PCDs for photon counting computer tomography (CT). In a silicon detector, a significant portion of the counts is due to Compton scattering events. Since only part of the incident photon energy is deposited in a Compton interaction, Compton interactions lead to a loss of spectral information. By using Compton coincidence detection, i.e., combining information from multiple Compton events caused by the same incident photon, it is possible to obtain more spectral information from Compton scattered photons, increasing the energy resolution of the detector. The goal of this thesis is to develop and evaluate a method for Compton coincidence detection for photon counting CT. In this thesis, a method for Compton coincidence detection based on Compton kinematics and a χ2 test is presented and compared to a previously developed method based on maximum likelihood estimation. The χ2 method utilised the connection between the energy before vs after a Compton interaction, and the scattering angle. The possible scattering angles due to deposited energy in each interaction were called the energy angles. The spatial angles between the interaction positions in the detector were calculated and compared to the energy angles through a χ2 test in order to find the correct order of interaction and the incident photon energy. The χ2 method correctly identified the interaction order of 85.8% of simulated interaction chains ending in photoelectric effect and 64.1% of simulated interaction chains containing only Compton interactions. The energy estimation was 100% correct for all chains ending in photoelectric effect, since all of the incident energy was deposited in the detector. For chains of only Comptoninteractions, the energy was estimated with an RMS error of 21.2 keV. Combining the results from chains ending in a photoelectric interaction and chains of only Comptoninteractions, the total RMS error of the energy estimation was 11.5 keV. 

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