Automated Control of Elasticity for a Cloud-Based Key-Value Store

University essay from KTH/Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT)

Abstract:

“Pay-as-you-go” is one of the basic properties of Cloud computing. It means that people pay for the resources or services that they use. Moreover, the concept of load balancing has been a controversial issue in recent years. It is a method that is used to split a task to some smaller tasks and allocate them fairly to different resources resulting in a better performance. Considering these two concepts, the idea of “Elasticity” comes to attention. An Elastic system is one which adds or releases the resources based on the changes of the system variables. In this thesis, we extended a distributed storage called Voldemort by adding a controller to provide elasticity.

Control theory was used to design this controller. In addition, we used Yahoo! Cloud Service Benchmark (YCSB) which is an open source framework that can be used to provide several load scenarios, as well as evaluating the controller. Automatic control is accomplished by adding or removing nodes in Voldemort by considering changes in the system such as the average service time in our case. We will show that when the service time increases due to increasing the load, as generated by YCSB tool, the controller senses this change and adds appropriate number of nodes to the storage. The number of nodes added is based on the controller parameters to decrease the service time and meet Service Level Objectives (SLO). Similarly, when the average service time decreases, the controller removes some nodes to reduce the cost of using the resources and meet “pay-as-you-go” property.

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