Design of an LC-MS/MS method for measuring concentrations of Cyclosporine A and Tacrolimus from dried blood spots

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Avdelningen för analytisk farmaceutisk kemi


Patients that have undergone organ transplantation are life-long treated with immunosuppressant drugs and these have to be monitored regularly to get the desired effect of suppressing the immune system. To monitor the drug concentration normally a venous blood sample is collected at a clinic but the use of dried blood spots (DBS) as a matrix for drug monitoring for immunosuppressant drugs will make home sampling possible for this patient group. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a bioanalytical method for quantifying cyclosporine A and tacrolimus in dried blood spots. The method consist of punching out a 5 mm disc from a blood spot , followed by extracting the spot in a 96-well hydrophobic filter plate with 150 µL extraction solution containing internal standard (ascomycin and cyclosporine A d12) in a methanol water solution (80:20v/v%). The extract is then centrifuged through the filter plate down in a 96-deep well plate and injected on the LC-MS/MS, with an analysis time of 2.5min. The method will be validated in accordance with the guidelines set by the European Medicines Agency with additions specific to DBS. The method is not fully validated but will be in due time. The validated parameters show a robust and fast analysing method that has the prospects of being used for analysing DBS samples for patients and in the future can possibly be used by patients in home environment.

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