How a Discrete event simulation model can relieve congestion at a RORO terminal gate system : Case study: RORO port terminal in the Port of Karlshamn.
Abstract: Context. Due to increase in demand for RORO shipping services,the RORO terminal gate system need to handle more number of vehicles for every RORO vessel departure. Therefore, various congestion problems can occur; so, to address all possible congestion related problemsat RORO terminal, terminal gate systems are implemented with advanced technologies and updated to full or partial functioning automated gate systems. Objectives. In this research study considering the future increase in demand for wheeled cargo shipping, we attempt to propose a solution for reducing congestion and investigating optimal positions for each automated gate system service at RORO port terminal. Methods. In this Master thesis, as part of qualitative study we conduct a literature review and case study to know about the existing related work on this research problem and know about the real world system operation and behaviour of a RORO terminal gate system.Later, applying the adequate knowledge acquired from above mentioned qualitative studies, we perform a discrete event simulation experiment using Anylogic® professional 7.02 simulation software to address defined research objectives. Results. Considering the peak and low periods of present and future estimated demand volumes as different scenarios,various simulation experiment results are generated for different key performance indicators. The result values of these key performance indicators address various research objectives. Conclusions. This research study finally concludes that, the average queue length values at each automated gate system service implicates optimal position for each service and directly address the congestion problem. We also conclude that in every estimated increase in vehicles attending the RORO terminal, assigning optimal arrival time windows for respective vehicle types minimizes the congestion problem at automated gate system.
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