Deomographic, socioecnomic and cultural determinant of HIV in Ethiopia

University essay from Lunds universitet/Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen

Abstract: Abstract High prevalence of HIV/AIDS has been the most challenging problem in developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa countries since when the epidemic is identified in the region. Ethiopia is classified in this region, where wide spread of HIV/AIDS currently manifested and hard hit by the epidemic .The prevalence rate is estimated to be 2.3% in country level, 7.8% in towns and 0.9% in rural areas. The aim of this paper is to identify the main factors that keeps the prevalence of HIV/AIDS at High level and identifying which factor(s) is/are attributed to wide range discrepancy between rural and town areas of Ethiopia based on the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey of 2005 (EDHS) data sets. Logistic regression is employed for analysis and selected socioeconomic, cultural and demographic variables are included in the analysis to point out the main factors that has a significant impact on the epidemic of HIV. The result shows that marital status, age circumcision, male employment status and female education and wealth have found a significant effect on the prevalence of HIV in Ethiopia..

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