Preparative chromatographyfor modified oligonucleotides : Method development for modified oligonucleotides, fromanalytical to preparative chromatography
Abstract: Synthetic oligonucleotides, which are short strings of DNA or RNA, are a grooving area of importance for the pharmaceutical industry and for companies that manufacture diagnostic components. The manufacturing process of synthetic oligonucleotides involves many complex processes that use separation and purification techniques like ion-exchange chromatography, ion-pair reversed phase chromatography and ultra-performance liquid chromatography. In this study, the focus lies on the purification process, where the main aim is to develop a separation and purification method for modified oligonucleotides that can be applied on different scales, from an analytical to a preparative scale. Three modified oligonucleotides, and one unmodified with 44 bases, provided by Scandinavian Gene Synthesis (Västerås, Sweden), were analysed and purified on an ultra-performance liquid chromatography and on a preparative-system. Several parameters were investigated, e.g. mobile phase composition, gradients and concentration. Practical analysis and purification were made in two scales; analytical and semi-preparative. The results showed that the samples contained impurities that were hard to separate from the main sample. The scaling-up tests showed that, with increasing concentration, the impurities become more aggregated with the main product. Fraction analysis showed that several pure fractions were collected from the semi-preparative purification, and therefore some amount of pure sample were collected from the semi-preparative run. In conclusion, the method developed in this master thesis worked well as a significant amount of samples were purified in the semi-preparative purification, and the method worked on modified and unmodified oligonucleotides, containing different amount of modifications.
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