A Discrete Cylindrical Luneburg Lens With Liquid Layers

University essay from KTH/Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS)

Abstract: In this project, a cylindrical Luneburg lens isdesigned operating at optical frequencies. A Luneburg lens isa gradient index lens that transforms a point source into aplane wave or vice versa. The lens is rotational symmetric whichallows wide-angle beam scan. In this work, the gradient indexis discretized in layers. The refractive index of each layer isrealized with a transparent liquid. Ray tracing is used to designand evaluate the lens performance. We have simulated Luneburglenses with 4 - 10 layers. Increasing the number of layersimproves the performance. However, difficulties are present inthe manufacturing part of the lens considering that liquids withdesired refractive index cannot be mixed.

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