Suicidal Ideation and Attempt Among Immigrants in Europe:A Literature Review

University essay from Örebro universitet/Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete

Abstract: Aim: The aim of this literature review was to provide an overview of suicidal ideationand suicide attempt among immigrants in Europe. More specifically, the currentliterature review aimed to examine predictors of suicidal ideation and suicide attemptamong immigrants in Europe. Method: PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES and PubMed were used to generate existingarticles on the topic of interest. PRISMA flowchart was used to eliminate articles thatdid not meet the inclusion criteria. Results: Seventeen articles met the inclusion criteria. A number of environmental andsocial factors were found to predict suicidal ideation and suicide attempt amongimmigrants in Europe. These predictors included family conflict, health problems,substance abuse, low educational level and being adopted by a host inhabitant family.Socio-economical factor that predicted suicidal ideation and suicide attempt amongimmigrants in Europe was financial disadvantages. Finally, female immigrantsappeared to be a higher risk than male immigrants with regard to suicidal ideation andsuicide attempt. Furthermore, second-generation immigrants appear to be at higherrisk for suicide attempt than first-generation immigrants.Conclusion: There are a number of predictors that appear to predict suicidal ideationand suicide attempt among immigrants in Europe. Nationwide prevention programsfor new female immigrants are recommended.

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