The Integration Process and Coping Strategies of Farsi Speaking refugee Women in Sweden
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore integration meanings, experiences, and challenges aswell as coping strategies among Farsi-speaking refugee women in Sweden. Therefore, threequestions related to the main aims of research prepared including; (1) what does integrationmean to Farsi-speaking refugee women? (2) What challenges did Farsi-speaking refugeewomen face during the process of integration in Sweden? (3) How do they cope with theirproblems and challenges during the process of integration?A qualitative method with an explanatory interview was used to collect the data. The interviewsconducted among six Farsi-speaking refugee women from Iran and Afghanistan in Sweden andfindings were analyzed by using thematic analysis.Results of the findings showed that women perceived integration as an adaptation to Swedishculture and law. The main challenge that they faced was the language barrier which impactedthe different aspects of their life such as employment and their well-being. In respect to copingstrategies, although, participants used both problem-focused coping and emotion-focusedcoping, emotion-focused coping were more common among women. In the first copingstrategy, seeking social support was identified, and in the latter one, praying, social activities,the success of their children, and distance from participation in their own community were themain strategies which used by participants.Findings of this study highlight the role of social work professsion to address the challengeswhich refugee women have faced during the process of integration, in different levels, andprovide better services in regard to their challenges in order to help them to overcome theirchallenges.
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