The Development-Security Nexus
Abstract: The increasingly interwoven landscape of development and security (often referred to as the ‘development-security nexus’) has become a salient feature of contemporary international relations. This thesis will investigate what this nexus entails and how it impacts the reality of developmental projects ‘on the ground’. From a theoretical perspective, this thesis will utilize the Foucauldian inspired concepts of biopower and biopolitics to unpack the development-security nexus and to examine its impact on different developmental practices. Following this, frame analysis will be employed to investigate two developmental case studies focusing on ‘the camp’ and ‘the park’ within the Tanzanian context. Specifically, the analysis of each case will be divided into three sections (i) spatial management (ii) management by community (iii) management via contingency (in the case of the camp) and self-management (in the case of the park). Together, both cases demonstrate how developmental practices control and administer ‘underdeveloped’ populations via limiting their spatial movements and statistically (re)producing such populations to better and more efficiently manage them.
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