Eavesdropping Attacks on Modern-Day Connected Vehicles and Their Ramifications
Abstract: Vehicles today are becoming increasingly more connected. Most cars are equipped with Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and Wi-Fi hotspot capabilities and the ability to connect to the internet via a cellular modem. This increase in connectivity opens up new attack surfaces for hackers to exploit. This paper aims to study the security of three different cars, a Tesla Model 3 (2020), an MG Marvel R (2021) and a Volvo V90 (2017), in regards to three different eavesdropping attacks. The performed attacks were a port scan of the vehicles, a relay attack of the key fobs and a MITM attack. The study discovered some security risks and discrepancies between the vehicles, especially regarding the open ports and the relay attack. This hopefully promotes further discussion on the importance of cybersecurity in connected vehicles.
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