Cyclone Aila and the Southwestern Coastal Zone of Bangladesh: In the Context of Vulnerability

University essay from Lunds universitet/Centrum för öst- och sydöstasienstudier

Abstract: Bangladesh is located in a danger area of the World. The geographical location makes the country vulnerable for tropical cyclones and other hazards. An increasing number of natural disasters such as floods, storms, and tropical cyclones, always keep the coastal people in a worst condition. Bangladesh government is not always fully successful in recovering the situation and gives a sustainable livelihood to the coastal people. Therefore, the suffering of the coastal people is continued for longer period. There are so many reasons behind this. This thesis is tries to demonstrate these reasons. Figure out the vulnerability of the southwestern coastal people and also investigate that till now why the people cannot get rid from this worst situation is the key purpose of this thesis. This thesis paper will gives a brief overview on the relief and reconstruction work after the cyclone Aila hit the southwestern coastal region of the country in 2009. The analysis recommends that the untimely strike of the cyclone Aila, lack of ready fund for emergency, and governance are the main reasons for the delay in the reconstruction work. This thesis paper is concluded by giving some suggestions such as, emergency relief facility, evaluating the necessary support not based on the scale of the disasters and the death toll but also on the local reality of primary, as well as possible secondary impacts.

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