Parallel Heart Analysis Algorithms Utilizing Multi-core for Optimized Medical Data Exchange over Voice and Data Networks

University essay from KTH/Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT)

Abstract:

In today’s research and market, IT applications for health-care are gaining huge interest of both IT and medical researchers. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are considered the largest cause of death for both men and women regardless of ethnic backgrounds. More efficient treatments and most importantly efficient methods of cardiac diagnosis that examine heart diseases are desired. Electrocardiography (ECG) is an essential method used to diagnose heart diseases. However, diagnosing any cardiovascular disease based on the 12-lead ECG printout from an ECG machine using human eye might seriously impair analysis accuracy. To meet this challenge of today’s ECG analysis methodology, a more reliable solution that can analyze huge amount of patient’s data in real-time is desired.

The software solution presented in this article is aimed to reduce the risk while diagnosing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) by human eye, computation of large-scale patient’s data in real-time at the patient’s location and sending the required results or summary to the doctor/nurse. Keeping in mind the importance of real-time analysis of patient’s data, the software system has built upon small individual algorithms/modules designed for multi-core architecture, where each module is supposed to be processed by an individual core/processor in parallel. All the input and output processes to the analysis system are made automated, which reduces operator’s interaction to the system and thus reducing the cost. The outputs/results of the processing are summarized to smaller files in both ASCII and binary formats to meet the requirement of exchanging the data over Voice and Data Networks.

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