Who is a climate refugee? A critical discursive analysis on what the factors are for the EU not reaching a common definition for the term climate refugee

University essay from Malmö universitet/Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS)

Author: Amanda Galfi Björkman; [2020]

Keywords: climate refugees; EU;

Abstract: There is a global concern for climate induced migration and a concern on how to tackle climate refugees. Climate refugees is a term that is not yet defined both internationally and at a European Union level. This thesis is researching the relation between climate refugees and the European Union. By using a critical discourse analysis this thesis analyses the internal factors for the European Union not reaching a common definition for the term climate refugee. By using material from the EU official website this thesis focuses on the textual, discursive and social practices based in Fairclough’s three dimensional model. This thesis found five factors for the European Union not reaching a common definition: the view on security, the lack of responsibility, financial and national interests and a view on that climate refugees are not a European problem.

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