Mediation Strategies towards Spoilers. How the Behaviour of Mediators and Spoilers Affect the Outcome of Internal Conflicts. The Cases of Angola and Mozambique.

University essay from Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Abstract: Why do some mediation strategies towards spoilers in internal conflicts fail, while others succeed? The aim of this thesis is to examine how the mediation strategies towards spoilers affect the outcome of internal conflicts through the analysis of the mediator and spoiler behaviour. The analytical point of departure is the explanatory behavioural variables: spoiler type, spoiler locus, mediator impartiality or bias, and mediator leverage through resources. These are analyzed and compared in the case studies of Angola and Mozambique with the purpose of building theoretical developments on internal conflict resolution through mediation strategies towards spoilers. The research has showed that the correct diagnosis of spoiler type and the related mediation strategy is crucial for success. Meanwhile, a change in spoiler locus through changing leadership can influence the spoiler behaviour and the outcome. Furthermore, the cases have shown that mediator impartiality is most likely to lead to an outcome of success. Finally, the issue of mediator leverage depends on their adequate control and possession of resources in order to result in a mediation strategy towards spoilers, which leads to a successful outcome of peace in internal conflicts.

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