¡Que se vayan todos, que no quede ni uno!

University essay from Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Abstract: Argentina went into a financial crisis in 2001, later in the 19-20th of December the same year, the streets of Buenos Aires were filled with violent protests from thousands of people, angry and upset over a policy, which stopped cash withdrawals from their bank accounts. The movement that developed is referred to as the Argentinazo movement and consisted of people from varying social backgrounds of the Argentine society. This thesis is a qualitative single case study and the purpose of it is to investigate why the movement developed by testing the theories of political opportunity, mobilizing structures and cultural framing processes on the movement. The empirical material consists of secondary sources from reports and other texts treating the contemporary Argentine history of politic economic development during the preceding years of the Argentinazo. The results of the study show that the politics of economy and labour in Argentina in the last decade before the financial crisis was neo-liberal, influenced by the IMF and favouring the unregulated market and low inflation. The consequences of these politics lead to a weakening of labour unions and high unemployment. It also shows that people were disappointed of the politics but that the strict economic policy to tackle the financial crisis provoked the civil society – which in replied by violent protests and the emergence of the Argentinazo movement.

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