Ad Hoc Network Nodes Scheduling using DS and FH CDMA

University essay from Blekinge Tekniska Högskola/Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap

Abstract: Nowadays most communication networks like GSM, WLan or WiMAX are based on pre-existing infrastructure. These infrastructures are complicated, costly and difficult to deploy in very short time. Whereas Wireless Ad Hoc Networks are infrastructure-free self organizing networks which consist of co-operating nodes. These networks are highly desirable for various emerging applications for military and to extend the range and capacity of infrastructure based wireless networks. One critical issue that we face in Ad Hoc Network is the problem of scheduling. Scheduling algorithms in an Ad Hoc Network allows the nodes to share the wireless channel efficiently. But on the other hand, the scheduling algorithm needs to be easily implementable in a distributed fashion with little, if any, coordination between nodes in the network. Spread spectrum technologies allow interference averaging and therefore are employed in Ad Hoc networks. There are two major types of spread spectrum physical layer, which are frequency hopping (FH) spread spectrum and direct sequence (DS) spread spectrum. FH-CDMA divides the bandwidth into M sub channels, the receiver only sees the interference from the transmitter side which is on the same sub channel whereas in DS-CDMA we increase the spreading code M to decrease the signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) requirement. The purpose of research is to study a hybrid spread spectrum based on physical layer, in which the direct sequence signal is also frequency hoped. The DS will reduce the region of dominating interferes, while frequency hopping will be used within this region intelligently and allow the dominating interferes to transmit on different frequencies. First the system bounds on the transmission capacity of the proposed scheme is evaluated, and than a comparative analysis of different multiple access schemes is done with our proposed model with respect to their transmission capacity to evaluate its performance.

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