Governance, mobility and citizen engagement : Governance Processes in the Transport Sector in the Republic of Guinea
Abstract: Governance processes are very complicated in the transport sector in the Republic of Guinea, because of a multiplicity of actors (a complicated institutional framework, the involvement of western countries and China in the country, and the power of the private sector with the mining companies), a historical background (the engagement and disengagement of western countries with the colonization), and a lack of financial means from the government. However, the transport sector is very important in terms of development for Guinea, first because the economy of the country is based on mines and agriculture (both needing an efficient transport sector) and secondly because of a growing population in the last decade. This research project will study how current governance processes in the transport sector in the Republic of Guinea align with the development needs of the country. The evolution of the transport sector during the last decade, the actors, their governance processes and how they align with and contradict development expectations in the Republic of Guinea, and how these processes can be improved will be assessed. Through a literature review, a desk-based study, the analyze of two specific case studies, and many interviews, this research project comes up to different findings. The development of transport sector is important and essential in Guinea’s economy: many local actors are involved in the transport sector of Guinea and face different issues, but there are also international actors who create opportunities and threats in terms of social and economic development. To lower these threats, international actors and the state must be coordinated in terms of financing transport projects. Different processes can be implemented in term of prioritization of projects and funding planning. To have better governance processes, studies and processes of prioritization of projects must involve the citizens as real stakeholders of the development of this transport sector. This can be done through different processes that must lead to the development of an efficient, safe and affordable transport sector for all.
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