Detecting Faulty Piles of Wood using Anomaly Detection Techniques

University essay from Luleå tekniska universitet/Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik

Abstract: The forestry and the sawmill industry have a lot of incoming and outgoing piles of wood. It's important to maintain quality and efficiency. This motivates an examination of whether machine learning- or more specifically, anomaly detection techniques can be implemented and used to detect faulty shipments. This thesis presents and evaluates some computer vision techniques and some deep learning techniques. Deep learning can be divided into groups; supervised, semi-supervised and unsupervised. In this thesis, all three groups were examined and it covers supervised methods such as Convolutional Neural Networks, semi-supervised methods such as a modified Convolutional Autoencoder (CAE) and lastly, an unsupervised technique such as Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) was being tested and evaluated.  A version of a GAN model proved to perform best for this thesis in terms of the accuracy of faulty detecting shipments with an accuracy rate of 68.2% and 79.8\% overall, which was satisfactory given the problems that were discovered during the progress of the thesis.

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