Trans-Boundary water conflict: a case study of South Indian River

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för geovetenskaper

Author: Prajwal Rajkumar; [2020]

Keywords: ;

Abstract: Water has long-standing history in terms of delivering adequate security to human well-being and the environment, however, a significant attention towards numerous waters related threats have been growing since the recent past years due to the increasing water crisis. Hence, a growing interest towards water security has become an essential concern to humankind as it critically supports health, economic transformation, political stability as well as environmental sustainability. Moreover, in various aspects, water security is also concerned with disaster risk reduction endeavors globally.In this particular research study, the focus has been mainly on analyzing the factors of trans-boundary river disputes. Correspondingly, the study aims at getting an understanding of the same based on the case study of South Indian River. In this regard, the key objectives of the study included understanding the reason for repeated failures of riparian states of the Cauvery River in reaching utmost sustainability. Correspondingly, the research been conducted mainly on the basis of the information that has been derived from secondary sources such as journals and literature along with online sources. The study is qualitative in nature and based on the analysis of the case study of Cauvery River to get the key findings in the eventual stage along with a review of past literature. The review of past literature has suggested that water conflict has been one of the major contributors to water scarcity in India. Also, the presence of limited water resources in this part of the world has also been a major concern that has been contributing to the overall issues of water scarcity altogether. The findings of this study have mainly focused on the Cauvery river dispute between the government of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The issue dates back from the 19th century where draught in each of the states has been as a result of the water dispute. Arbitration rule was also been made applicable within the entire case as a result of the dispute. Therefore, the findings clear depicted that Trans-Boundary Water Disputes has been a major reason for water scarcity in different parts of India.

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